The most important factor concerning directly the vitality, enhancement or
poverty of a nation is the economical situation of the nation. (1930)
We are absolutely in compelled to ascribe the first and foremost importance
to the economy to enhance our new Turkey properly. Our age is entirely an
economic epoch, nothing else. (February 1923)
If the political and military victories are not supported by the economical
victories, they cannot be permanent and evaporate within a short time.
The real master of Turkey is the actual producer, the villager. Therefore,
the villager deserved more prosperity, welfare and happiness than the others.
Therefore the Economical Policy of the Turkish Grand National Assembly addresses
this main purpose. (1 March 1922)
Beside the personal endeavors and activities as the essential, one of our
principals is to render the state active in the enterprises that are to the
general benefit of the nation, especially in the economic field, in order to
achieve a prosperous and well-cultivated country.
History has found and listed many military and social causes when seeking the
reasons for the enhancement and degradation of nations. Doubtlessly, all these
reasons have an effect on social developments. But the economy of the nation is
directly concerned and related with the enhancement and degradation of the
nation. This reality, which has been clearly proven by history and experience
has clearly made itself felt in our national life and national history. As a
matter of fact, if Turkish history were investigated it could be clearly
understood that the reasons of all enhancement and degradation are the matter of
economy and nothing else. (1923)
All the successes, victories, defeats, and disasters comprising our history
were all concerned and related with the economic conditions of their times. We
are obliged to definitely ascribe top priority to our economy to exalt our new
Turkey, because our age is an economy epoch, nothing else.
The economic development is the fundamental part of the ideal of a Turkey
that is free, independent, more powerful and prosperous. (1937)
The strong character and desire, the fiery nationalism of our nation and the
abundance of new economic successes will encompass the Turkish Nation. Friends,
the garments my people are now wearing are neither national nor international.
Therefore friends, is there a nation without clothes? Friends do you agree to
describe our nation such as? Is there any sense in showing the world a valuable
jewel covered with mud? It is necessary and natural to get rid of the mud to
show the jewel. If there is a need for a cover to protect the jewel will it not
be necessary to make it of gold or platinum? Is indecision correct before this
clear reality? If anybody is to make us indecisive, shall we still hesitate to
decide they are idiots and thickheaded?
Friends, there is no need to investigate and revive the old Turkish clothes.
The civilized and the international clothes are suitable for us and for our
nation. We shall wear them. We shall wear shoes, boots to our feet, trousers on
our legs, and waistcoats, shirts, tie, collar, jacket and headgear to complete.
I want to say clearly that this headgear is called a hat. Like redingote,
bonjour tuxedo, this is our hat!
There are some who say that this is not convenient. Let me tell them that
they are very unaware, very ignorant and I want to ask them:
Why is convenient to wear the Greek headgear of fez and why is not convenient
to wear a hat? And again I want to remind them and also our nation when and why
and what for did they wear the special robes (with full sleeves and long skirts)
of the Greek vicars and Jewish rabbis? (1925)
During my visits, I saw that the women friends covered their faces and eyes
intensively and carefully, especially in the cities and towns but not in the
villages. Male friends, that is because of our egoism. It is necessary to be
chaste and careful. But respected Sirs, our women are human beings who are able
to think and comprehend like us. If we inspire them with the holy concepts and
extipulate our national and moral values, there will be no need to be selfish.
Let them show their faces to the world. And let them look at the world
carefully. There is nothing to be afraid of. 1925(Atatürk’s G.S., Page 91)
I see the women in some places hide their faces by covering with the cloths
like loincloths and turn their back to the men passing near by them or squat
down when they see a man. What is the meaning of this? Sirs, does a mother or a
daughter of a civilized nation behave wildly like this? This situation is a
ridiculous appearance for our nation. This must be corrected promptly.
1925 (Atatürk’s G.S. Page 95)