It was built within the capital of the Uratu State, Tushba during the 9th century
B.C.. The castle fell into the bands of the Assyrians during the early 7th century
B.C. when the Urartus were defeated and fled from the region. The castle also
carries imprints of the Selçuk, Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu and the Ottoman eras.
The most important sections in the castle are the rock cells and inscriptions
belonging to the Urartus. The castle also contains a mosque built by Sultan
Süleyman the Great.