Archaeology and Ethnography Museum
The first museum in Elazığ was established in Harput District on April 30th 1965, in Alacalı Mosque, as "Harput Museum". In the following years, this building became insufficient to accommodate the collected works, and therefore the museum was moved to a building on İstasyon Street, which belonged to the Elazığ Municipality. Thereafter, when the exhibition of the works found in the surface research and excavations carried out in the frame of Keban and Karakaya Dam projects came to the agenda, the building became insufficient. An area of 12.700 m was assigned for the museum building in Elazığ State Architecture and Engineering Academy Campus (today's Fırat University Campus) and after the construction of the museum warehouse and administrative buildings, the museum was opened to the public on July 28th 1982.
Archaeology and Ethnography Museum consists of two halls, namely Archaeological Works and Coin Hall, Carpet, Kilim and Ethnography Hall" and the warehouse part where various works are kept.
In Archaeological Works and Coins Hall, several and various works belonging to the Palaeolithic, Neolithic, Calcolithic, Bronze (Protto Hurri - Hittite), Iron, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, and Ottoman periods, found during Tülin Tepe, Tepecik Ruin Place, Değirmen Hill, Haraba Tumulus, Norsun Hill, Asyan, Sakyol (Pulur), Ağın Kalaycık Tumulus, Ağın Kalecik Tumulus, Pağnik Ruin Place, Han İbrahim Şah, and Şemsiye Hill Yeniköy excavations and the surface research carried out at Karataş Kayaaltı Shelter, Küllünün İni, Aktaş and Yıkılgan due to Keban and Karakaya Dam Projects.
In the Carpet-Kilim and Ethnographic Works Hall, handmade carpets and kilims specific to the region and ethnographic works that are introductory for the region are being exhibited. Besides these exhibitions in the museum, the grave stones in the ram and horse shapes collected from Tunceli and some stone works belonging to various periods are being exhibited outside the museum, at the museum entrance.
The museum, which serves under the Elazığ Museum Directorate and which is located across the old municipality service building in Harput District has continued its service since its foundation in 1965 and accommodates regional handworks and ethnographic materials. Furthermore, some inscriptions belonging to various buildings in Harput was taken under protection in the museum.
ELAZIĞ RUIN PLACES
Harput, which has been a residence location since the Urartu period, the first traces of which we have found in Harput İç (Süt) Fort, has been the host of various civilizations in the history.
Harput was used as an important end fort in every period and was the capital of Çubukoğulları and Harput Artuklus. Thereafter it was left in 1910s and took the status of a district as today.
There are many buildings belonging to various periods in Harput, which have succeeded to reach the present day and the most important of these are: Meryem Ana Church, İç (Süt) Fort, Ulu Mosque, Esediye Mosque, Alacalı Mosque, Fatih Ahmet Baba Mosque and tomb, Mansur Baba Tomb, Ahi Musa Mosque and Tomb, Arap Baba Mosque and Tomb, Sara Hatun Mosque, Meydan Mosque, Kurşunlu Mosque, Ağa Mosque, Ahmet Bey Mosque, Kale Baths, Hoca Baths and Cemşit Bey Baths.
Palu, which has seen residence without interruption since the Urartu Period until today has been under various sovereignties and today it continues its development as a district.
Besides the pin-written inscription belonging to Menu, the Urartu King found in Palu Fort, the most important buildings that reached today are Alacalı Mosque, Cemşid Bey Mosque and Tomb, Merkez Mosque, Ulu Mosque, Küçük Mosque and Anonymous Bath belonging to the Ottoman Period and the Middle Age Church and Old Palu Bridge, which is an Artuklu building.
Old Pertek, which was subject to residence in various periods, has remained under Keban Dam Lake today, and only island looking Pertek Fort and Çelebi Ali and Baysungur mosques that have been moved to a new Pertek District (Tunceli Province), have remained.
Buildings such as a church, a palace, a mosque, a tomb, a bath, a kitchen for the poor, and a weighting house, which remained under the Dam Lake, show that Pertek gained importance, especially during the Seljuk and Ottoman periods as well as during the other periods.