Kolophon (Değirmendere) is one of the twelve Ionian cities. Although it had a strong navy and cavalry force, it suffered many wars and has been ruled by forces of Lydia, Persia and Macedonia even at times by sea pirates. When Kolophon was destroyed by Lysimakhos in 302 B.C. its neighbouring city, Notion (Ahmetbeyli) gained importance. This city which claimed Homer's citizenship was also famous with its Klaros Temple and an oracle centre.