SULTAN III. MUSTAFA HAN
Father : Sultan III. Ahmed
Mohter : Mihrimah Sultan
Date of Birth : January 28,1717
Accession to the Throne : October 30, 1757
Death : January 21, 1774
was accessed to the Ottoman throne as the twenty-sixteen Sovereign. Through the
support of his mother, he received a good education. Since he was raised freely
at the Palace, he had the opportunity of learning state affairs. He had a keen
mind and was very industrious. He believed that the corruption in state affairs
could be eliminated through reforms.
He did not want to imitate the West when making reforms in state
institutions. He rather considered that the the established foundations should
be modernized within the traditional structure in order to respond to the dayís
requirements. And he trusted jurists for the fulfilment of this mission. He used
to say, ìlf jurists are corrupted in a country, then justice is also corrupted.
Where there is no justice, there is no harmony and fellowship eitherî.
The major external affair which Sultan III. Mustafa had to deal with during
his reign during his reign was the Russia issue. During the period beginning
with the 1763 Chikhrin Expedition. The Russian Tzarina Catherine mobilized
troops to Poland which was an Ottoman protectorate and enthroned Count Stanislas
Poniatowsky. Efforts were made to solve the problem through diplomacy in vain.
The war between the two states continued until the execution of Küçük Kaynarca
Treaty in 1774. The inconclusive efforts of the sovereign for strengthening the
state and solving the problems worried him and he fell ill. The signing of the
said Treaty after him has become a major turning point in the stateís vitality.
The treasury which was rich when he took it over at his enthronement, was
delivered in a rich condition in spite of the war.
Sultan Mustafa was a medium height person with fair complexion, somewhat
slanting eyes and a blond beard. He hated unfairness and tried to operate
justice. He got an interest in astrology and learned the subject well.