SULTAN II. SÜLEYMAN HAN
Father : Sultan İbrahim
Mother : Saliha Dilâşub Sultan
Date of Birth : April 15, 1642
Accession to the Throne : November 8, 1687
Death : June 22, 1691
was enthroned as the twentieth sovereign, after the dethronement of Sultan IV.
Mehmed on November 8, 1687. His life as a prince was spent at the palaces in
İstanbul and Edirne. As he was kept under supervision for a long time. He
received a good education, read religious books and spent his days praying.
In this period also, the dualism of power at the palace and the struggle
between the group who wanted the preivous sovereign to remain on the throne and
the group who has succeeded in enthroning Süleyman II, caused unease among the
soldiers. The turmoil grew due to lack of money in the treasury for the
distribution of enthronement gratuities. Gold and silverware therefore, gathered
from the private palace treasury and the pantry were sent to the mint for
coining. The new coins were distributed to soldiers and the disorder was thus
The event during this period which worried the state and gave great sorrow to
Sultan Süleyman and caused him to weep, was the loss of Kanije Fortress after
158 years of domination. The conquest of the Beograde Fortress immediately
afterwards, calmed down this sorrow somewhat.
Sultan Süleyman was of medium height, and a fat man with fair complexion, a
flat nose and a dense beard. He was a good natured, mild person. When he was
enthroned, he pointed out his purpose “of serving his people by saying. Let us
serve the people” and try to please human beings.