II. OSMAN HAN
Sultan 1. Ahmed
Mother: Mahfiruz Sultan
Date of Birth: November 3, 1604
Accession to the Throne: February 26, 1618
Date of Dethronement: May 19, 1622
Death: May 20, 1622
When Sultan Osman
was enthroned at a young age, his first act was to make changes in administrative
duties and among council of state members. The state was Ieft between the war
with Persia in the East and the war with Poland in the West. After establishing
the required order, Osman II decided for mobilization to Poland in spite of
the objection from soldiers, and participated in the mobilization himself.
During the years
of his reign, the state had to deal with consecutive natural disasters in Istanbul.
One part of the Istanbul Covered Market burnt down in 1621 and the remaning
part the following year.
major intention was to eliminate the Jannissaries, and the Jannissary Corps.
He therefore started preparations together with his reliable officers. Studies
also continued about the method of establishing a new military discipline which
would replace the Jannissary Corps. The Jannissaries heard about these activities
and they gathered at the Sultanahmet Square raising some requests in rebellion.
Since they conceived that the Sovereign would annihilate them, they acted before
him and raided the Palace. They enthroned Sultan Mustafa and strangled a reformist
Sultan Osman was
a well educated prince and had the capacity to undertake the responsibility
of being in power in spite of his taking over the govemance of state at a very
young age. He had a restless nature and an obstinate character. He was reckless,
daring and intelligent. He was very much aware of the situation the state was
in, and believed that the state could be strentgthened through the reforms to
be realized. He was proud of the achievements and victories of his ancestors
in protecting the statefs territories.
Young Osman was
of medium build, of light complexion, was handsome and had a very strong constitution.
He was a very sensitive person. He was a good poet and wrote poetry under the
pseudonym of Farisi.