Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han
1451The death of Sultan Murad II and his burial in Bursa.
The accession to the throne of Sultan Mehmed II for the second time.
The prince young Ahmed is strangled for “Nizam-ı Alem”.
The peace agreements are renewed with the ambassadors of foreign countries who have to congratulate the Sultan for his accession to the throne.
The revolt in Karaman is squashed.
The conquest of the land of the principality of Menteşe by the Ottomans.
Baghsheesh (gratuity) is started to be given at the accession ceremonies.
1452 The erection of the towers of Rumelihisarı and of Anadolu Hisarı is repaired.
Declaration of war against the Byzantine Empire and the Byzantine Emperor have walls erected to close the entrances of Constantinople.
Fatih marches from Constantinople to Edirne.
1453 Iron chain is laid across the entrance to the Golden Horn.
The huge cannon called “Şahi” is pulled close to the walls of Constantinople.
Areas around the city of Constantinople is begin occupied by the Ottoman army.
The Turkish army aproaches Constantinople.
Fatih sets up his imperial tent in front of the walls of Constantinople.
The ships of the Ottoman navy is pulled over land from Kasımpaşa into the waters of the Golden Horn over night.
Fatih prays on holy friday together with the whole of the army and starts the siege of Constantinople.
A line of siege is established on the area of line extending from the Golden Horn up to the Sea of Marmara.
The Emperor of Byzantine turns back the offer to surrender.
Start is given for the battle.
29.05.1453 The capture of Constantinople.
Fatih enters the city.
The turn of the ages.
The middle ages come to an end and the New Age starts.
Istanbul becomes the new capital of the Ottoman state.
Fatih puts the Eastern Christianity under his protection against the Western Christianity and appoints a new European Orthodox Patriarch.
The grand Vezir Candarlı Halil Paşa is expelied.
The second Vezir Mahmud Paşa is appointed as Grand Vezir.
Süleyman Bey is appointed as the governer of Istanbul and Celalzade Bey is appointed as the head judge in Istanbul.
The fortress of Silivri surrenders.
The islands of İmroz, Taşoz and Limni are conquered.
The principals of Enez, Midilli and Geneose accept the domination of the Ottoman state.
1454 The signing of a peace agreement with Republic of Geneose.
The first and subsequently the second military campaigns for Serbia.
War is declared against the Knights of Rhodos.
The military campaign of the Ottoman navy for the islands.
1456 The third military campaign for Serbia and the siege of Beograd.
1458 The military campaign for the peninsula of Mora.
The conquest of Serbia.
The dongeons of Yedikule starts to be build.
The capture of Athens.
The contruction of the Eyüp Mosque starts.
1459 The conquest of the southern part of Mora.
The death of Akşemseddin Hodja, the spiritual hero of Anatolia and the teacher of Fatih.
The capture of Semendire.
Serbia becomes a Turkish province.
The birth of Prince Cem Sultan.
1460 The conquest of the despotalities of Mora.
The principality of Eflak comes under the protectorate of the Ottoman state.
1461 The capture of the colony of the Genoese in Amasra.
The Trabizond Rum Empire is terminated. The land of the principality of Candaroğulları is annexed to the Ottoman Empire.
The armistice in Albania.
1462 The principality of Eflak is put undre the domination.
The conquest of the island of Midilli.
The repair of the castles of the straits of the Dardanelles.
Ceremony for the start of the ground works for the Fatih Mosque.
The end of the armistice with Albania and peace agreement is signed with Albania.
The conquest of the kingdom of Bosnia.
1463 The start of the battles between the Ottomans and the Genoese which is to continue for 10 years.
1466 Fatih Sultan Mehmed starts the military campaign for Albania.
The capture of all the fortresses in Albania.
The end of Karamanoğulları.
The capture of Konya.
The birth of Barbaros Hayreddin Paşa the famous Turkish Seaman.
1468 The appointment of prince Cem to the post the governor of Kastamonu.
1470 The capture of Eğriboz.
The raid on the Muhammedhanis rebelling against the state.
1471 The opening of the Fatih Mosque and its institutional buildings (Külliye).
The birth of Yavuz Sultan Selim.
The capture of the principality of Alaiye.
The problem with Dulgadir.
Disagreements start between the Ottoman state and the Sultanates of the Syrian Kölemen and Egypt.
The alliance formed against the state between Akkoyunlu Uzun Hasan and the Genoese.
Onitial preparations for the removal of the capital of the state from Edirne to Istanbul.
1472 Construction of the Topkapı Palace starts.
1473 The struggles between the Ottomans and the Akkoyunlu and victory at Otlukbeli.
Uzun Hasan is taken prisoner.
1474 The death of Ali Kuşçu, the famous scholar.
1475Crimea enters the domination of the Ottomans and security in the Northern part of the Black Sea region is established.
1476 The military campaign of Fatih for Boğdan and the subsequent victory.
1477 The siege of Inebahtı-Lepant.
The raid of Turhanolu Ömer Bey on Venice-İtaly.
1478 Fatih has the first golden coin printed.
1479 Peace is established between the Ottomans and Venice.
Fatih grants Ahidname (a pact) to the people of Venice to trade in the regions of Trebizond and Kefe.
The conquest of Georgia and Cherkezhistan.
The invasion of the islands of Ayamavra, Kefalonya, and Zanta which are three of the islands known to be as Seven islands and are of strategic importance in the Sea of Adriatic.
Disagreements between the Ottomans and the Egyptians increase.
1480 The military campaign of Fatih for Italy.
Army lands at Otranto. Surrunding of Rodos unsuccessfully.
1481 New techniques are being adopted in the administration of the affairs of the state, on order to better control the office of the military forces (office of Khazasker) are divided into two the European side and the Anatolian side.
The death of Fatih Sultan Mehmed. The accession to the throne of Bayezid II.