|1451||The death of Sultan Murad II
and his burial in Bursa. |
The accession to the throne of Sultan Mehmed II for the second time.
The prince young Ahmed is strangled for “Nizam-ı Alem”.
The peace agreements are renewed with the ambassadors of foreign countries
who have to congratulate the Sultan for his accession to the throne.
The revolt in Karaman is squashed.
The conquest of the land of the principality of Menteşe by the Ottomans.
Baghsheesh (gratuity) is started to be given at the accession ceremonies.
||The erection of the towers of Rumelihisarı
and of Anadolu Hisarı is repaired. |
Declaration of war against the Byzantine Empire and the Byzantine Emperor
have walls erected to close the entrances of Constantinople.
Fatih marches from Constantinople to Edirne.
||Iron chain is laid across the entrance to
the Golden Horn. |
The huge cannon called “Şahi” is pulled close to the walls of
Areas around the city of Constantinople is begin occupied by the Ottoman
The Turkish army aproaches Constantinople.
Fatih sets up his imperial tent in front of the walls of Constantinople.
The ships of the Ottoman navy is pulled over land from Kasımpaşa into the
waters of the Golden Horn over night.
Fatih prays on holy friday together with the whole of the army and starts
the siege of Constantinople.
A line of siege is established on the area of line extending from the Golden
Horn up to the Sea of Marmara.
The Emperor of Byzantine turns back the offer to surrender.
Start is given for the battle.
||The capture of Constantinople. |
Fatih enters the city.
The turn of the ages.
The middle ages come to an end and the New Age starts.
Istanbul becomes the new capital of the Ottoman state.
Fatih puts the Eastern Christianity under his protection against the Western
Christianity and appoints a new European Orthodox Patriarch.
The grand Vezir Candarlı Halil Paşa is expelied.
The second Vezir Mahmud Paşa is appointed as Grand Vezir.
Süleyman Bey is appointed as the governer of Istanbul and Celalzade Bey is
appointed as the head judge in Istanbul.
The fortress of Silivri surrenders.
The islands of İmroz, Taşoz and Limni are conquered.
The principals of Enez, Midilli and Geneose accept the domination of the
||The signing of a peace agreement with
Republic of Geneose. |
The first and subsequently the second military campaigns for Serbia.
War is declared against the Knights of Rhodos.
The military campaign of the Ottoman navy for the islands.
||The third military campaign for Serbia and
the siege of Beograd. |
||The military campaign for the peninsula of
The conquest of Serbia.
The dongeons of Yedikule starts to be build.
The capture of Athens.
The contruction of the Eyüp Mosque starts.
||The conquest of the southern part of Mora.
The death of Akşemseddin Hodja, the spiritual hero of Anatolia and the
teacher of Fatih.
The capture of Semendire.
Serbia becomes a Turkish province.
The birth of Prince Cem Sultan.
||The conquest of the despotalities of Mora.
The principality of Eflak comes under the protectorate of the Ottoman state.
||The capture of the colony of the Genoese
in Amasra. |
The Trabizond Rum Empire is terminated. The land of the principality of
Candaroğulları is annexed to the Ottoman Empire.
The armistice in Albania.
||The principality of Eflak is put undre the
The conquest of the island of Midilli.
The repair of the castles of the straits of the Dardanelles.
Ceremony for the start of the ground works for the Fatih Mosque.
The end of the armistice with Albania and peace agreement is signed with
The conquest of the kingdom of Bosnia.
||The start of the battles between the
Ottomans and the Genoese which is to continue for 10 years. |
||Fatih Sultan Mehmed starts the military
campaign for Albania. |
The capture of all the fortresses in Albania.
The end of Karamanoğulları.
The capture of Konya.
The birth of Barbaros Hayreddin Paşa the famous Turkish Seaman.
||The appointment of prince Cem to the post
the governor of Kastamonu. |
||The capture of Eğriboz. |
The raid on the Muhammedhanis rebelling against the state.
||The opening of the Fatih Mosque and its
institutional buildings (Külliye). |
The birth of Yavuz Sultan Selim.
The capture of the principality of Alaiye.
The problem with Dulgadir.
Disagreements start between the Ottoman state and the Sultanates of the
Syrian Kölemen and Egypt.
The alliance formed against the state between Akkoyunlu Uzun Hasan and the
Onitial preparations for the removal of the capital of the state from Edirne
||Construction of the Topkapı Palace starts.
||The struggles between the Ottomans and the
Akkoyunlu and victory at Otlukbeli. |
Uzun Hasan is taken prisoner.
||The death of Ali Kuşçu, the famous
|1475||Crimea enters the domination of the
Ottomans and security in the Northern part of the Black Sea region is
||The military campaign of Fatih for Boğdan
and the subsequent victory. |
||The siege of Inebahtı-Lepant. |
The raid of Turhanolu Ömer Bey on Venice-İtaly.
||Fatih has the first golden coin printed.
||Peace is established between the Ottomans
and Venice. |
Fatih grants Ahidname (a pact) to the people of Venice to trade in the
regions of Trebizond and Kefe.
The conquest of Georgia and Cherkezhistan.
The invasion of the islands of Ayamavra, Kefalonya, and Zanta which are
three of the islands known to be as Seven islands and are of strategic
importance in the Sea of Adriatic.
Disagreements between the Ottomans and the Egyptians increase.
||The military campaign of Fatih for Italy.
Army lands at Otranto. Surrunding of Rodos unsuccessfully.
||New techniques are being adopted in the
administration of the affairs of the state, on order to better control the
office of the military forces (office of Khazasker) are divided into two the
European side and the Anatolian side. |
The death of Fatih Sultan Mehmed. The accession to the throne of Bayezid II.