MURAD HUDAVENDIGAR HAN
Sultan Orhan Bey
Mother: Nilüfer Hatun
Date of Birth: 1326
Accession to the Throne: 1360
was born in 716 A.H. (1316 A.D.). His tutor was Lala Şahin Pasha and he ascended
the throne in the year 761 A.H. (1360 A.D.). His son, Savci Bey, rebelled against
him while he was on an expedition to Wallace. He retumed and quelled this rising
immediateıy. After this incident, a law was passed forbidding crown princes
to be appointed as viziers or grand viziers.
Kara Halil reorganized
the tax system and founded the Office of State Revenue (Ganaim-i Miri), and
in this way the collection of tax and tribute followed legal procedures. As
a result, for the first time in Ottoman History, the income of the Treasury
with which many public constructions, such as the arsenal was put up, was greater
than its expenses. Murad 1 is also responsible for establishing the Janissary
Corps. During his reign, we see the evolution of the Ottoman governmental and
A handsome and
brave man, having the soul of a dervish. he was indifferent to worldly matters.
He was also good natured. He was of middling height, with strong and long arms.
a high and broad chest and fleshly fingers. He had a full round face with bluish-gray
eyes, thick black eye brows that joined together, large teeth, a ram-nose, a
thin beard and thick long mustache.