Date of Birth: 1258
Accession to the Throne : 1299 (1300)
in 657 A.H, (1258 A.D.), he reigned for twenty-seven years. After the death
of his father, Ertuğrul Gazi, he ruled over the Otloman principality from 680
A.H. He died when he was sixty-nine. Upon his conquest of the fortress of Bilecik,
Alaeddin Keykubat, who is the ruler of the Seljuks of Rum, sent him "a horsetail,
a standard and a drum" as the insignia of sovereignty in 699 A.H. (1299 A.D.).
Thereupon, he minted coins and had the Friday prayers recited in his name alone.
His grand vizier was his younger son, Alaeddin Pasha. Osman was the first to
Ievy a tax of one "akçe".
Osman Gazi was
surnamed "Black", which according to an ancient Turcoman tradition signifies
brave and heroic. As we learn from the Oğuzname, the same epithet was given
to Kara Yusuf, the ruler of Karakoyunlus, and to Kara Yülük Osman Bey, the Sultan
of the Akkoyunlus. Osman is known to have away the poor the shirts (tunics)
that he had worn the day before. Sultan Osman was a tall man with a broad and
high chest and arms long enough to reach down to his knees when standing. With
his deep, fine voice and clear, convincing manner of speech, Black Osman possessed
a charismatic personality. He had dark brown eyes, thick eyebrows that joined
together, a full round face, a ram-nose, a thin beard and long, thick mustache.
His teeth were large and he had the appearance of a fierce lion.
of Prophet Muhammed, he wore coiled turban of white brocade (çatma). His clothes
had wide collars.