There are 103.329
farmer families within the province, The land sizes vary between 0 to 49 hectares.
Only 40 farmers have more than 500 hectares of land.
The irrigable land
is 392.300 hectares within the province and 66.337 hectares of it is under actual
irrigation 62.002 hectares are irrigated through private initiative while the
State brought water to 4.435 hectares.
Four main economic
crops of the province are wheat, maize, rice and tobacco. Sunflowers are raised
as an industrial plants. There is a significant increase in the production of
fodder crops in the recent years.
60.248 of 61.639
hectares of fruit plantations are for hazelnuts, produced mainly in Alaçam,
Ayvacık, Bafra, Çarşamba, Merket, Ondokuzmayıs, Salıpazarı, Tekkeköy, Terme
produced on 37.191 hectares of land in Bafra and Çarşamba plains from which
are obtained large amounts of tomatoes, bell peppers, cucumbers, egg-plants,
spinach, beans, squash, cabbage, leek, melons and watermelons. There is a considerable
increase in the plastic-covered greenhouses and high tunnels for the vegetable
production. Their total surface area nears 800 hectares today.
is essentially a family activity in Samsun where Jersey, Jersey hybrids, Holsteins,
Montafons, Simmenthals and their cross-breeds were distributed to farmers after
the selection work.
and gray mullets, mackerels, carp, crayfish and pike are the main species caught
by 543 fishing boats of which 105 are trawlers.
There are 12 water
product coöperatives with 821 members.
Samsun has close
commercial ties with such metropolitan areas as Adana, Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir
Trade with İstanbul
mostly evolves around local and imported goods, clothing, building materials,
textiles, grains, medicines, agricultural chemicals and durable consumer goods.
Flow of goods with İzmir include imported goods, textiles, grains, fruits and
vegetables. Adana and Mersin are on Samsun's trade list for prime fruits and
to the local economy is derived from the coastal trade with the Community of
Its harbour with
a vast capacity permits easy import and export activities. Concentrated copper
ore, dried foodstuffs, fresh fruits and vegetables and polypropylene bags are
the main export items.
Russia and Ukraine are among the main countries to which the exports are directed.
The main import
goods are calcium phosphate, coal, wheat, rice, live animals and chemicals.
The Samsun Free
Zone, a 73.000 square metre facility adjacent to the most important turkish
port on the Black Sea coast, has very good road connections and the 18-kilometre
rail network within the harbour permits access to entire Turkey through Sivas,
and the Samsun Airport connects, in its part, to all domestic an international
The Free Zone is
expected to significantly increase the export, raise the investments and production,
improve the foreign capital inflow and technology transfer and ameliorate the
foreign financing an credit opportunities.
Samsun is a traditional
trade centre. Recently, a major stride forward has been made regarding the small
and medium enterprises which, forming the backbone of the manufacturing industry,
maintained their production efforts within the industrial estates where mergers
are in process via coöperative enterprises.
Though there are
no large industries in the province, the Black Sea Copper Mill, a fertiliser
Plant and a cigarette factory are rather important as to their production and
A great distance
has also been covered regarding the food industries in Samsun. The flour mills
are mostly around Havza. Candy factories, processed flour products and canned
fish plants cater for the regional demand. The other main industries are textiles
and ready-to-wears, furniture, paper and paper products, chemical and medical
products, plastics, soap and detergents, glass and glassware, tiles and bricks,
lime, rubber and rubber products, iron and steel, metalworking and machinery,
car parts, copper and copper products.
the further development of the industry requires the concentration of all units
in organised industrial estates, such a facility has now been established at
the Kirazlık district.
OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY
The Samsun (formerly
Canik) Chamber of Industry and Trade was established in 1901. It has a roster
of 22.000 members, of which 8.000 are presently active.
As the most authoritative
body governing the province's economy, the Chamber inscribed its name also on
many of social and cultural work through assistance in cash and kind for disasters
striking the country, provides medical equipment and materials to health institutions
and contributes to educational activities.
and Priority Work
activities continuing within the province are important as to their economic
and social impacts and concentrate on agriculture, energy, health, education
and transportation fields.