There are 103.329 farmer families within the province, The land sizes vary between 0 to 49 hectares. Only 40 farmers have more than 500 hectares of land.


The irrigable land is 392.300 hectares within the province and 66.337 hectares of it is under actual irrigation 62.002 hectares are irrigated through private initiative while the State brought water to 4.435 hectares.


Field products

Four main economic crops of the province are wheat, maize, rice and tobacco. Sunflowers are raised as an industrial plants. There is a significant increase in the production of fodder crops in the recent years.


60.248 of 61.639 hectares of fruit plantations are for hazelnuts, produced mainly in Alaçam, Ayvacık, Bafra, Çarşamba, Merket, Ondokuzmayıs, Salıpazarı, Tekkeköy, Terme and Yakakent.


Vegetables are produced on 37.191 hectares of land in Bafra and Çarşamba plains from which are obtained large amounts of tomatoes, bell peppers, cucumbers, egg-plants, spinach, beans, squash, cabbage, leek, melons and watermelons. There is a considerable increase in the plastic-covered greenhouses and high tunnels for the vegetable production. Their total surface area nears 800 hectares today.


Animal -raising is essentially a family activity in Samsun where Jersey, Jersey hybrids, Holsteins, Montafons, Simmenthals and their cross-breeds were distributed to farmers after the selection work.

Water products

Anchovies, red and gray mullets, mackerels, carp, crayfish and pike are the main species caught by 543 fishing boats of which 105 are trawlers.

There are 12 water product coöperatives with 821 members.


Samsun has close commercial ties with such metropolitan areas as Adana, Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir and Mersin.

Trade with İstanbul mostly evolves around local and imported goods, clothing, building materials, textiles, grains, medicines, agricultural chemicals and durable consumer goods. Flow of goods with İzmir include imported goods, textiles, grains, fruits and vegetables. Adana and Mersin are on Samsun's trade list for prime fruits and vegetables.

Favourable contribution to the local economy is derived from the coastal trade with the Community of Independent States.

Its harbour with a vast capacity permits easy import and export activities. Concentrated copper ore, dried foodstuffs, fresh fruits and vegetables and polypropylene bags are the main export items.

Georgia, Germany, Russia and Ukraine are among the main countries to which the exports are directed.

The main import goods are calcium phosphate, coal, wheat, rice, live animals and chemicals.


The Samsun Free Zone, a 73.000 square metre facility adjacent to the most important turkish port on the Black Sea coast, has very good road connections and the 18-kilometre rail network within the harbour permits access to entire Turkey through Sivas, and the Samsun Airport connects, in its part, to all domestic an international destinations.

The Free Zone is expected to significantly increase the export, raise the investments and production, improve the foreign capital inflow and technology transfer and ameliorate the foreign financing an credit opportunities.


Samsun is a traditional trade centre. Recently, a major stride forward has been made regarding the small and medium enterprises which, forming the backbone of the manufacturing industry, maintained their production efforts within the industrial estates where mergers are in process via coöperative enterprises.

Though there are no large industries in the province, the Black Sea Copper Mill, a fertiliser Plant and a cigarette factory are rather important as to their production and employment potentials.

A great distance has also been covered regarding the food industries in Samsun. The flour mills are mostly around Havza. Candy factories, processed flour products and canned fish plants cater for the regional demand. The other main industries are textiles and ready-to-wears, furniture, paper and paper products, chemical and medical products, plastics, soap and detergents, glass and glassware, tiles and bricks, lime, rubber and rubber products, iron and steel, metalworking and machinery, car parts, copper and copper products.

Considering that the further development of the industry requires the concentration of all units in organised industrial estates, such a facility has now been established at the Kirazlık district.


The Samsun (formerly Canik) Chamber of Industry and Trade was established in 1901. It has a roster of 22.000 members, of which 8.000 are presently active.

As the most authoritative body governing the province's economy, the Chamber inscribed its name also on many of social and cultural work through assistance in cash and kind for disasters striking the country, provides medical equipment and materials to health institutions and contributes to educational activities.

Ongoing Investments and Priority Work

The investment activities continuing within the province are important as to their economic and social impacts and concentrate on agriculture, energy, health, education and transportation fields.